substance abuse and aggressive behavior :
Anger and Addiction, Breaking the Relapse Cycle:
"A teaching guide designed for mental health professionals working with angry, chronically relapsing alcoholics and addicts providing step-by-step instructions for developing an anger management/relapse prevention training program." (From Book News, Inc., December 1, 1996)
Anger Kills: seventeen strategies for controlling the
A guide to reducing and controlling the hostility that can harm one's health, sharing seventeen specific strategies for eliminating destructive negative attitudes, emotions, and behavior.
Anger, Alcoholism and Addiction: Treating Individuals, Couples, and
This book is intended primarily for professionals who work in substance abuse treatment. The book offers general guidelines and treatment considerations for addressing anger issues in therapy, from an anger management model. The book covers the relationship between anger, aggression and substance use and abuse, and features exercises for clients. Topics include: definitions, approaches and goals; anger, aggression and chemical abuse; assessment of chronic anger problems; and general guidelines and treatment considerations for working with chronically angry clients, including those in chemical dependency treatment settings. top
Changing for Good*
A guide to "stage-matching," an approach for changing self-destructive behavior, including overeating, smoking, and drug abuse, offers a step-by-step explanation of the six stages essential to self-change.
Tim Kelly, Executive Director (email: email@example.com)
A hands-on book that focuses on exploring and changing attitudes about men and women that influence abusiveness. Funded by The Family Violence Prevention Division, Health and Welfare Canada.
Confronting Abusive Beliefs: Group Treatment for Abusive Men
(Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 12)
Russell (social work, U. of British Columbia) offers therapists working with abusive men an original model for exploring and changing attitudes that encourage abusive behavior through interactive group sessions. Sample session outlines and handouts show how to address such issues as expressed emotions, recurring thoughts, communication patterns, and conflict resolution. (From Book News, Inc., December 1, 1995)
Coordinating Community Responses to Domestic Violence: Lessons from Duluth
"This book provides a comprehensive guide to the development of a
coordinated community response to domestic violence based upon the
internationally known "Duluth Model". Drawing from the experiences of
practitioners, scholars, and researchers in the field, the book
provides…insights into the complexities and challenges of addressing domestic
violence." - BOOK JACKET. Contents
Dr. Weisinger offers a collection of tests to aid in determining the root of the anger problem, and a series of exercises to help vent anger in a more positive fashion and learn to use the emotion creatively.
DrinkWise. How to Quit Drinking or Cut Down.
"If your drinking is causing you problems-with your health, your job, your family-or if you think it might cause you problems down the road, this book can help…. [I]t can show you how to reach the goal you choose, whether that's to quit drinking or cut down. You'll learn about situations and feelings that trigger heavy drinking-and ways to overcome them." - BOOK JACKET
Drugs, Alcohol and Addiction: A Resource Manual for Advocates Working to
End Domestic Violence.
"The Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence (PCADV) believes
that it is not appropriate for domestic violence programs to engage in the
assessment or treatment of alcohol and other drug problems. Battered women
working with drug and alcohol treatment providers or 12-step programs can choose
to undergo assessment and treatment for their addictions.
Drunken Comportment: A Social Explanation.
This is an old, but often cited resource, which challenges the then contemporary theory about the relationship between alcohol consumption and unacceptable human behaviour.
Education Groups for Men Who Batter: The Duluth Model
This USA court-mandated curriculum includes role plays and instruction for addressing men's tactics of control. (Video of role plays also available.)
A man's tendency to respond to situations with aggressive, dominant and abusive behaviour is often learned very young. This mainstream workbook can help your agency improve men's programs.
Facing the Fire: Experiencing and Expressing Anger Appropriately
The author demonstrates how to transform this unpredictable emotion into a source of positive, productive energy and offers ways to vent anger that are safe and healthy.
Family Violence in Canada*
This report gives statistics on the use of alcohol and/or other drugs by slain husbands or wives prior to spousal homicide, and briefly deals with the influence of alcohol on the severity of violence in wife assault.
Family Violence in Canada: a statistical profile.
"The purpose of this report is to provide the most up-to-date data on the nature and extent of family violence in Canada and to monitor trends over time. Each year, the report will have a special focus or theme...The first (released 1998) was general in focus. The focus of the second publication (released June 1999) was justice system responses to family violence. The focus of the third publication is the spousal violence data from the 1999 General Social Survey (scheduled for release in June/July 2000)." top
Feminism and Addiction.
This book demonstrates the positive impact feminism can have on addictions treatment. (From Book News, Inc.)
Helping Teens Stop Violence: A Practical Guide for Educators, Counselors
Based on programs developed by Battered Women's Alternatives and the Oakland Men's Project, this book offers a proactive, multicultural approach for getting at the roots of violent behavior. The activities and workshops described in the book explore how violence manifests in families and dating; how issues of race, gender, and age are involved; and how teens can work to stop the violence in their lives. It includes curricula for classrooms and support groups, and strategies to support peer counselors and help abused teens.
I Don't Want to Talk About It:
"Twenty years of experience treating men and their families has convinced psychotherapist Terrence Real that depression is a silent epidemic in men - that men hide their condition from family, friends, and themselves to avoid the stigma of depression's 'un-manliness'. [Real believes that] problems that we think of as typically male -- difficulty with intimacy, workaholism, alcoholism, abusive behavior, and rage-are really attempts to escape depression….[In this book] Real reveals how men can unearth their pain, heal themselves, restore relationships, and break the legacy of abuse. He mixes…analysis with…tales of his patients and even his own experiences with depression as the son of a violent, depressed father and the father of two young sons." top
Invitations to Responsibility:
"Many explanations of abuse promote an avoidance of responsibility by the perpetrator and an acceptance of responsibility by the victim or others affected by the abuse. Responsibility for the abuse may be attributed to external events and stresses, the actions of others or medical/psychological conditions, over which the perpetrator feels he has little influence or control. This thinking tends to promote unhelpful solutions and often leaves victims of abuse carrying the burdens of shame, guilt and responsibility for their own victimization…. [The attribution of responsibility to an external cause] may relieve the abuse perpetrator from the experience of shame and guilt which normally accompanies facing up to, and accepting full responsibility for, his actions" (p. 13).
Learning to Live Without Violence: a Handbook for Men
One of the first workbooks with questions and exercises to promote skills to avoid violence.
Man to Man: A guide for men in abusive relationships
A short, straightforward conversation with men about the consequences of abuse and the need for change.
Men in Groups: Insights, Interventions, and Psychoeducational Work
This book "provides an entrée into psychological work with men in groups and represents the diversity of work being done in this area. Chapter authors detail successful interventions for working with men in group settings, ranging from descriptions of 3-day seminars and psychoeducational workshops to techniques and strategies for leading less structured, ongoing groups. Chapters focus on either a specific population of men or a specific issue that men may face, such as fathering issues or problems associated with violence…. "Men in Groups" is intended for psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors and paraprofessionals working with men or for those who have an interest in men's issues". - BOOK JACKET
Men's Work: How to Stop the Violence that Tears Our Lives Apart
Instructive examples and role plays with exercises and discussion questions addressing the male sex role stereotype.(Video, audio tape, and workbooks also available.)
Men's Work Workbook #1 "Growing up Male:
This workbook takes a look at how violence starts in a man's life, from boy to man. Helps men focus on identifying physical, emotional and sexual abuse and learn how to get help. top
Men's Work Workbook #2 "Anger, Power, Violence and Drugs:
This workbook looks at how men have been taught to connect anger, power, violence, drugs and alcohol and how this can lead to violence and affect relationships.
Men's Work Workbook #3 "Becoming Whole:
This workbook focuses on establishing relationships and developing a spiritual connection.
Men Who Batter Women
"Drawing on over ten years of clinical work at the Men's Centre in London, Adam Jukes examines the perpetrators of abuse and the roots of battering in the male personality. He recognizes but challenges orthodox models of clinical intervention with violent men, and looks at both individual motivation and the social construction of gender, arguing that battering is part of the continuum of contempt which both men and patriarchal society have for women….[Jukes] explores how depth psychology can be used to treat men who batter women and bring about lasting change." - BOOK JACKET
Topics include an outline of the problem; aggression and violence; special problems in the treatment of abusers; isolating the violence; a social psychology of male violence; working with men who are helpless, vulnerable and violent; and group work. Appendices include a checklist of violent, abusive and controlling behaviour.
Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People to Change Addictive Behavior
"Client ambivalence is a key stumbling block to therapeutic efforts toward constructive change. Motivational interviewing-a nonauthoritative approach to helping people to free up their own motivations and resources-is a powerful technique for overcoming ambivalence and helping clients to get "unstuck"…This volume is written by the psychologists who introduced and have been developing motivational interviewing since the early 1980s. In part 1, the authors review the conceptual and research background from which motivational interviewing was derived. The concept of ambivalence, or dilemma of change, is examined and the critical conditions necessary for change are delineated. Other features include concise summaries of research on successful strategies for motivating change and on the impact of brief but well-executed interventions for addictive behaviours. Part 2 constitutes a practical introduction to the what, why and how of motivational interviewing. Chapters define the guiding principles of motivational interviewing and examine specific strategies for building motivation and strengthening commitment for change….Part 3 brings together contributions from international experts describing their work with motivational interviewing in a broad range of populations…." - BOOK JACKET top
Regulating the Many Forms of Anger
"Emotional regulation is possible only through a self-compassion that restores a sense of core value and makes possible compassion for others."
The Anger Guide
This guide was developed as a blueprint for professionals working with groups or individuals dealing with anger. Provides an easy to follow format for 12 easy lessons.
The Anger Workbook
The anger workbook provides compelling questions that lead readers to a greater understanding of their anger. Exercises help in developing new ways to experience anger and new ways to use it beneficially.
The Batterer: a psychological profile
"I wrote The Batterer, based on studies of 200+ men to show how early developmental factors such as insecure attachment, experiences of being shamed and observation of violence in the home interact to generate an entire personality that is abusive, not just isolated acts of "battering". These early developmental factors chart a path that is reinforced by later exposure to social attitudes and values. A batterer sees, feels and acts differently in intimate relationships than do other men and acts in a way that is often undetectable from their public persona" (The author, firstname.lastname@example.org , February 18, 1997 )
The Physician's Guide to Domestic Violence:
Contents include: an introduction to domestic violence; what do we know about the victims of domestic violence; what do we know about the perpetrators of domestic violence; power and control; how can we increase recognition of domestic violence; what to do when she says "yes" to questions about abuse; legal issues; and preparing for an optimal response to domestic violence.
The Powerful Self
"This [book] provides the necessary skills to reverse self-limiting habits, self-destructive behavior, and abusive impulses. Dozens of techniques and exercises enable the internal regulation of anger, anxiety, obsessions, self-esteem, addictions, and compulsive behavior. Presented in explanatory workbook style, The Powerful Self serves as self-help or as a supplement to professional therapy."
The Treatment of Shame and Guilt in Alcoholism Counselling
"Contributors…discuss the process of healing internalized shame within the chemically dependent client and among the family members. They explore creative techniques that foster understanding and coping strategies…. Professionals who are experienced in treating chemically dependent clients and their families explore shame and the healing of shame, while examining the culture within which both occur. A major focus is the destructiveness of shame and guilt."
The Verbally Abusive Relationship:
This book offers a practical approach to dealing with the negative effects of verbally abusive relationships with family, friends, or partners.
Treating Attachment Abuse: A Compassionate Approach
"Attachment abuse can involve both physical and emotional violence between people in close relationships, which includes couples, parents and their children, and adult children and their aging parents, among others. Attachment abusers blame their victims for their own feelings of shame, inadequacy, or inability to love. Dr. Stosny's…approach to the treatment of attachment abuse emphasizes the importance of compassion for both the abused and the abuser. This hands-on manual provides a series of treatment modules designed to teach the perpetrators and the victims how to cope with their feelings and to end attachment abuse. This volume will be of interest to psychotherapists, group therapists, social workers, and counselors working with abusive clients and their victims." - BOOK JACKET
Treatment Manual of the Compassion Workshop.
"This intensive, skill-building treatment for spouse and child abusers removes the motivation for abusive behavior…[Stosny believes that] deficits in three areas motivate abusive behavior and attempts to dominate and control: emotional awareness, compassion, and self-regulation skill. The treatment raises the emotional intelligence of abusers through greater awareness of their internal experience and that of loved ones. Proven self-regulation techniques lower emotional reactivity in the family, allowing greater individual freedom and expression." top
Journal of Family Violence*
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sage Publications Inc.
Brown, T. Integrated treatment of violent substance abusers: fact or fantasy? A paper presented at The Face of Alcohol and Violence: From Treatment to Prevention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, October 1998.
This paper covers the current status of, and models for, linkage of violence and substance abuse treatment services.
Campbell, C. and J. Dodd. Family violence and substance abuse. Ottawa:
National Clearinghouse on Family Violence, 1993.
"The goal of this fact sheet is to provide some basic ideas for understanding the connection between family violence and substance abuse. Although a connection has long been observed, there has been confusion and debate about its nature and its meaning. Even the terms "family violence" and "substance abuse" have different meanings for different people. If we can understand the relationship between substance abuse and family violence, we can help to create safety and support for the people affected by these problems". Features a list of suggested readings.
Graham, K. Alcohol and aggressive behaviour: physiological, psychological and cultural factors. A paper presented at The Face of Alcohol and Violence: From Treatment to Prevention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, October 1998.
This paper covers the effects of alcohol that may make aggression more likely, as well as physical and social characteristics of the drinking setting, and cultural factors associated with aggression.
Graham, K., Schmidt, G., and K. Gillis. Circumstances when drinking leads to aggression: an overview of research findings. Contemporary Drug Problems. Vol. 23, pp. 493-557, 1996.
Graham et al. Review the findings on factors affecting the link between drinking and aggression, including the role of personality, expectancies, other factors in the link and moderating factors in experimental studies of the link.
Hien, D. and N.M. Hien. Women, violence with intimates and substance abuse: relevant theory, empirical findings, and recommendations for future research. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Aug. Vol. 24(3), pp. 419-438, 1998. top
Evidence from the disparate domains of anthropology, criminology, psychology and sociology indicates that women are involved in many of the same acts of aggression and violence as men, and that substance use may play an important role in these acts. Yet little is known of the pathways between violence and drugs for women.
Kaufman Kantor, Glenda and Murray A. Straus. The "drunken bum" theory of wife beating. Social Problems, Vol. 34, No. 3, June 1987.
A research study provides support for the "drunken bum" theory of wife beating, it also demythologizes the stereotype because it is shown that alcohol is far from being a necessary or sufficient cause of wife abuse.
McKenry, P.C., Julian, T.W., and S.M. Gavazzi. Toward a biopsychosocial model of domestic violence. Journal of Marriage and the Family. May. Vol. 57(2), pp. 307-320, 1995.
To develop a biopsychosocial model of male domestic violence, a sample of 102 men were interviewed and physically assessed. Significant variables included alcohol, family income and relationship quality.
Miller, Brenda A., William R. Downs, Maria Testa and Denise Panek. The relationship between victims'/perpetrators' alcohol use and spousal violence. A paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology. Baltimore, MD, November 1990.
Pohorecky, L.A., Brick, J., & Milgram, G.G. (1993). Alcohol and aggression: proceedings of the symposium on alcohol and aggression held at the Centre of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers University, October 8-9, 1992*
This collection includes papers on general aspects of aggression, special populations, human and animal models, and the biochemical etiology of the effect of alcohol on aggression. The symposium was intended to promote interaction between those studying aggression from within different disciplines, and using varied research subjects.
Widom, C.S. and H.R. White. Problem behaviours in abused and neglected children grown up: prevalence and co-occurrence of substance abuse, crime and violence. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health. Vol. 7(4), pp. 287-310, 1997.
This article describes the prevalence of and patterns of overlap among 4 problem behaviours, i.e., alcohol abuse, drug abuse, nonviolent crime, and violence, in abused and neglected children grown up. Using data from a prospective cohort design study, abused and neglected children (n=672; aged <11 years at time of abuse/neglect) were matched with a control group (n=518) and followed up into adulthood. After controlling for parental alcohol and drug problems, parental arrest, childhood poverty, and ethnicity, it was found that abused and neglected females (48.7% of sample), but not males, were at significantly higher risk than were control group Ss for substance abuse/dependence diagnoses and for arrests for violent crimes. Abused and neglected males and females, as compared with controls, had higher rates of comorbidity for substance abuse and nonviolent arrests. Abused and neglected females, as compared with female controls, were at greater risk for comorbidity for substance abuse and violent arrests as well. Results overall reveal gender differences in the consequences of childhood victimization. top
Why are you so angry?
Four individuals confront their anger and learn constructive ways of coping with it. Explores causes of anger - biological, psychiatric, substance abuse, social and cultural. Shows destructive results of mishandling anger. Discusses several cognitive and behavioural strategies for dealing with anger.
How to Handle Anger
Emphasizes the illogical factors in anger and the destructive aspects of our tendency to repress and avoid dealing with our anger. Includes interviews with patients and examples as well as discussions.
How to Handle Anger (without losing your cool)
Unresolved Anger: How Resentment Blocks Recovery
Distributors of Audio and Video Resources
B.C. Institute on Family Violence
Domestic Violence Resource Centre